Pendraken 10mm Sudan/Egypt: British Mounted Camel Corps
A religious revolution lead by the Mahdi which expelled the Egyptian occupation forces from Sudan, except for those forces under Gordon who were bottled up in Khartoum. The Mahdist War (1881–99) is better known as a British colonial war of the late 19th century which was initially fought between the Mahdist Sudanese of the religious leader Muhammad Ahmad bin Abd Allah, who had proclaimed himself the "Mahdi" of Islam (the "Guided One"), and the forces of the Khedivate of Egypt, and later the armed forces of Britain. Eighteen years of war resulted in the nominally joint-rule state of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (1899–1956), a de jure condominium of the British Empire and the Kingdom of Egypt in which Britain had de facto control over the Sudan. The Sudanese launched several unsuccessful invasions of their neighbors, ultimately expanding the scale of the conflict to include not only Britain and Egypt but the Italian Empire, the Belgian Congo and the Ethiopian Empire.
The British participation in the war is referred to as the Sudan Campaign, which is vividly described in The River War: An Historical Account of the Reconquest of the Soudan (1899), by Winston Churchill, who was a participant in the war. Other names for this war include the "Mahdist Revolt", the "Anglo–Sudan War" and the "Sudanese Mahdist Revolt".